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Higher Education System in Poland

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Higher Education System in Poland

The higher education institutions run full-time, extramural, evening and external courses. The full-time courses are defined as the basic type of studies.

Poland conforms to the guidelines from the Bologna Process in European higher education. The degree system based on the three-cycle structure has been successfully implemented together with the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS). The European standard in higher education makes it easier for students to obtain recognition of their qualifications in other countries. 

1st Cycle

First-cycle studies (3 to 4 years) leading to the professional title of licencjat or inżynier (the latter, meaning “engineer”, pertains to the fields of Engineering, Agriculture and Economics). This is the Polish equivalent of the Bachelor’s degree. It is focused on preparing students for future employment or for continued education within the Master’s degree programmes. To obtain this degree, students must earn 180-240 ECTS credits.

2nd Cycle

Second-cycle studies – Master’s degree programme (1.5 to 2 years) following the first cycle studies and leading to the professional title of Master (magister, or an equivalent degree depending on the study course profile). It is focused on theoretical knowledge as well as application and development of creative skills. Master’s degree holders may enter a doctoral programme (third-cycle studies). To obtain the degree, students must earn 90-120 ECTS credits.

Long-cycle studies

With some fields of study at the University of Lodz, there are exceptions to the general structure: Law and Psychology offer long-cycle programmes only.

Long-cycle studies – Master’s degree programme (4.5 to 6 years) leading to the professional title of Master (magister, or an equivalent degree depending on the study course profile). To obtain this degree, students must earn 270-360 ECTS credits. Long-cycle studies are single-cycle studies based on an integrated study programme which contains both basic instruction and in-depth specialisation. Completion of this degree will provide a qualification corresponding to the Master’s degree awarded at second-cycle studies.

3rd Cycle

Third-cycle studies – Doctoral degree programmes (lasting normally 3 to 4 years) are accessible for graduates of Master’s degree programme, and lead to a PhD degree, offered by the university type schools as well as some research institutions (departments of the Polish Academy of Sciences as well as research and development institutions). The PhD degree is awarded to candidates who submit and successfully defend a doctoral dissertation before the thesis committee and pass the doctoral examination.

Grading system: 

Description of the grading scale at the University of Lodz:

A - 5 very good (bardzo dobry)
B - 4+ better than good (dobry plus)
C - 4 good (dobry)
D - 3+ better than satisfactory (dostateczny plus)
E - 3 satisfactory (dostateczny)
F - 2 unsatisfactory (fail) (niedostateczny)

Grading scale on secondary school leaving certificates: 6 (celująca), 5 (bardzo dobra), 4 (dobra), 3 (dostateczna), 2 (niedostateczna).

It must be pointed out at this time that grades awarded according to the scale are not directly transferable to the ECTS credits.

ECTS credits

Upon completion of a course, students are awarded not only final grades (according to the above scale), but also ECTS credits (whose number is independent from the grade). To complete a year successfully, the student has to collect 60 credits (30 per semester).

The ECTS (European Credit Transfer System) is the standard adopted by all universities in the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) in the process of convergence between Europe’s higher education systems. Since 2007, all Polish higher education institutions have been required to use ECTS for both credit transfer and accumulation within their degree programmes. The ECTS credits allow foreign students’ periods of study at HEIs in Poland to be recognized.

Upon graduation, the student receives a diploma of completion of studies in a specific field of study together with a Diploma Supplement (copy of the diploma translated into a foreign language, describing the degree, level and specialization).

Academic calendar

The academic year in Poland is divided into two semesters, each 15 weeks long – the winter and the summer semester. The winter semester starts in October and ends in mid-February, with a break of about ten days for the Christmas holidays in December. The examination session usually takes two or three weeks, beginning in January. The summer semester starts in mid-February and ends in June, with a one-week break for Easter in April. Summer holidays last for three months from the beginning of July to the end of September, but only for those students who passed all exams within the summer examination session (two or-three weeks in June). Those who failed take the exams again in September.

 

Law on Higher Education

Law on Higher Education

Justification

Rules of study at the University of Lodz

grafika indeks

Uniwersytet Łódzki

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Kontakt: rekrutacja@uni.lodz.pl